Bag end sourdough

I have mentioned the state of my pantry before, a couple of times in fact… I have a bad habit of buying a lot of different kinds of flour, grain, and other bread related ingredients and then using all but the scant end of a bag, which proceeds directly to the back of the shelf. Following on from the previous bread, which was an attempt to use up a half bag of buckwheat flour, I decided to make a “throw-everything-at-it” loaf to clear even more space. This time, I managed to clean out an assorted seven bags and jars, leaving my shelves sparkling; for a week or so at least.

This unglamorous sounding bread contains a grain soaker of bulgur wheat, rolled spelt grain and wholemeal oats. The combination could be replaced with any number of whole grains and ingredients, including rice, quinoa, amaranth, or whatever else is lying around. It all tastes good. The overnight soak is important for many of these ingredients to begin enzyme activity, increase flavour and, in some cases, remove saponins. It also allows for the grains to be used in the loaf without pre-cooking, which adds both to the nutritional content and the texture.

sourdough
The colour comes from the spelt, and texture from the additions of bulgur wheat and whole grains

The bulk of the loaf comes from a combination of spelt flour and barley bran. Again, this could be replaced in equal amounts by any combination of flours, but bear in mind that the gluten content of flours is different, as is the way in which they absorb liquids, so you may need to adjust the water content until the texture feels right. I made three small loaves – two in loaf tins and one boule – but these quantities could also be used to make two larger loaves.

Bag End Sourdough makes 3 small or 2 large loaves

  • 200g assorted whole grains (I used 50g bulgur wheat, 100g rolled spelt and 50g oats)
  • 200g water
  • 400g rye starter at 150% hydration
  • 500g water
  • 800g assorted flour (I used 100g barley bran and about 350g each of wholemeal and white spelt flour)
  • 20g salt
  1. The night before baking, combine the grains and 200g water. Refresh the starter at the same time. Leave overnight.
  2. In the morning, combine all of the ingredients in a large bowl. Autolyse for 30 minutes.
  3. Knead for 10 minutes, until the dough is smooth and is able to stretch without tearing.
  4. Bulk ferment for 4-5 hours, until the dough has almost doubled in size.
  5. Divide and shape the dough. Divide into two or three portions, shape each into a rough ball and rest for five minutes. Shape into the final desired loaf.
  6. Rest for 1-2 hours, until visibly risen.
  7. Preheat oven to max. If using, place a Dutch oven on the middle shelf.
  8. If baking n a Dutch oven, bake at 240˚C with the lid on for 30 minutes, then 230˚C for 15 minutes with the lid off.
  9. If baking loaves, bake at 220˚C for 15 minutes, reduce heat to 180˚C and bake for a further 30 minutes.
  10. Cool on a wire rack.

 

Two small loaves shaped from the same dough and baked in 600g loaf tins
Two small loaves shaped from the same dough and baked in 600g loaf tins
boule
The crust on the boule is noticeably different to that of the loaves due to the different baking technique used

 

I have submitted this post to http://www.wildyeastblog.com/ ; let’s hope that it gets a few people interested!

Just four ingredients… and then some

pantry
A well stocked pantry

Having said that it is easy to make a fantastic loaf of bread with just four ingredients – flour, yeast, water and salt – there is nothing stopping the home baker from experimenting with extra ingredients to add flavour or nutritional content to a loaf.

Whenever I see a bag of grains or seed that I haven’t made a loaf of bread with, I buy it (as you can see…). Some work, some don’t, but the whole point is playing around with the ingredients to find out what tastes the best. Recently, the majority of my sourdough loaves have contained no wheat flour at all, in an effort to remove the wheat gluten from our diet – the bread part at least, I have yet to taste a good gluten free beer. Spelt and rye flours have played an important role, but I have thrown just about everything at a loaf at one time or another. This is what I have found using a variety of ingredients: some are replacements for the flour in a recipe, others additions either on or in the loaf.

Millet
High protein and gluten free, used in place of some of the bread flour. Gives an excellent crunch to the crust and an attractive yellow tint to the finished loaf.

Quinoa
Red or black quinoa especially gives a very dramatic colour to the finished loaf, and adds to the chewy texture of the crumb. Also adds a slightly nutty flavour to the loaf.

Spelt
My flour of choice at the moment. Another ‘ancient grain’, which means that it is available in most supermarkets because of how fashionable ancient grains are at the moment. Gives a rich colour (brown tending to purplish), a deep, roasted flavour, and is much lower GI than wheat flour.

Rye
The heavyweight of the flours. Very little gluten in comparison to wheat flour, and the gluten that is present is of a different quality, so a loaf with a reasonable percentage of rye flour will not rise much. Also a very sticky dough to work with, but well worth it. Dark and fruity, tastes like Northern Europe on a cold day.

Bulghur Wheat
Or cracked wheat, or bulgur, or bourghal; for the purposes of bread making treat them the same. As with all whole grains (and some coarse flours like millet and polenta) benefits from soaking overnight. Adds a chewy texture to the crumb and a crunch to the crust.

Polenta
Again, like millet, gives that crispness to the crust and a yellow tint (it is made from corn). Polenta is great as a bread topping on something like a Moroccan bread, just roll the dough in the polenta before baking.

Semolina
A coarse Italian flour, derived from durum wheat, which is used to make pasta. Again, good for rolling around a finished loaf for a good crust, and can be included in a recipe for a bit of bite to the finished texture.

Tipo ’00’ flour
Another flour typically used in pasta making, tipo ’00’ is a very fine wheat flour. I have used it with a lot of success in making ciabatta with a very wet dough, which results in an excellent interior with lots of holes and a very crispy crust, similar to a thin pizza crust.

Barley flour
Again, contains less gluten than wheat and as such should be blended with another flour. I use barley flour, or occasionally barley bran, to give an extra sweetness to the finished loaf. The first loaf that I wrote the recipe for was a barley flour and wheat bran sourdough.

Oats and rolled grains
Soaked overnight and worked into the dough or rolled over as a crust, whole oats and rolled grains can be used to add flavour and texture to a loaf. Rye grains and spelt grains work excellently in a sourdough loaf, and should be kneaded in after the autolyse. To make oats stick tot he outside of a loaf, the loaf can be lightly rolled or brushed in milk first.

Linseed
A slippery, small, brown seed that gives an almost undefinable flavour to a finished loaf- nutty, sweet, and a little bit fruity. Many supermarket breads – the multigrain types – include linseed for its nutritional content. Many supermarket breads also contain extra salt, sugar, preservatives, stabilisers, and who knows what else. Stick to making your own and adding linseed when you feel like it.

Sunflower seed
One of my favourite seeds to add to a bread. Buttery, smoky, and complex flavour that has a very long lasting pleasant after-taste. Use toasted, crushed, and worked into the dough or as a topping.

Other seeds, whole grains, and anything else
As I said earlier in the post, I have thrown almost anything edible into a loaf. I have not even mentioned fruit because that is a whole different ball game. Poppy and sesame seeds are fantastic for decorating a loaf – think black and white stripes across the crust – and walnuts turn an incredible colour. Whole grains, such as rye berries, oats, pearl barley, and rice (especially black rice if you want a bit of drama) can be cooked, cooled, and added to the dough. Of course there is the multitude of variations of flours – white or wholemeal, processed, stoneground, or hand ground by monks…

I find the best way to experiment with these flavours is to take a recipe you have made before and replace part or all of the wheat flour if using flour, or just add it straight to the mix if using anything else. Different flours will absorb different amounts of water, rise differently, bake differently, and taste completely different; but then that’s the whole point.

sunflower_rye
A sunflower seed and rye sourdough, made with a rye starter